The current territory of Alabama was first structured as part of the Mississippi Territory. Due to huge population increases, President James Monroe signed the piece of legislation to enable Alabama to become its individual state. The first constitution was written in the then capital, Huntsville. Alabamians showed immense suspect in government participation in their first constitution. Their aim was to keep taxes and government power small. Alabama became the 22nd state to enter the union on December 14, 1819.
Abraham Lincoln was elected leader of the United States in 1860. Alabama and some additional Southern states determined to dump the Union due to Lincoln?s stance on slavery. In actuality, President Lincoln was not even on the Alabama poll. These Southern States produced the Confederate States of America, with their capital in Montgomery, Al. Abruptly following, the capital was moved to Richmond, VA. Movement of the capital kept Alabama from being a important objective for the duration of the Civil War, and a small number of battles were fought in the state.
After the Civil War, Alabama?s people were wedged in a cross-fire involving those that sided with secession and those who sided against secession of the state. The state was economically devastated, and slavery was no longer acceptable. The state went through a era of modernization. Three fresh constitutions were written for the state between 1965 and 1975. The modernization route was riddled with violence and fraud.
In 1944, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) lawyers achieved some triumph with the court case Smith v. Allwright. The case deemed the system of exclusion blacks from voting in the Democratic primary as illegal. As a retort to this black conquest, in 1945, the Boswell Amendment was accepted in Alabama requiring prospective voters to make the grade a examination showing they understood and can give explanation any portion of the constitution. The act was designed to make it difficult for Blacks to be able to vote. The decree was finally overturned in 1949 because it violated the 15th amendment, providing Blacks the justification to take part in an election.
In a battle to put an end to the separation that ruled in schools, public transportation, restaurants and the streets of Alabama, quite a few Civil Rights Movements developed. Birmingham, Montgomery, Selma and even Washington D.C. experienced the protests from both Blacks and Whites crying for the terminate of racial separation. These actions brought awareness to the hardships Blacks were suffering and earned them the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Together, Alabama has had six constitutions. With the focus on small taxes and low government power, the latest constitution was ratified in 1901. The latest constitution has over 700 amendments. With over 100,000 words, Alabama?s constitution is one of the longest in the United States.
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